Abelharuco-de-testa-branca / White-fronted bee-eater | ©António Guerra (Kruger National Park, South Africa)
Merops bullockoides (Coraciiformes - Meropidae), better known as White-fronted bee-eater, is endemic to Africa, occurring from Gabon and Uganda south to southern Africa, where it prefers areas with grasslands, broad-leaved woodland and bushy pastures.
Merops bullockoides feeds exclusively on insects, mostly the Apis mellifera (Honey bee) but also bugs, wasps etc.
It has one of the most complicated societies of all birds, with each colony, which is made up of 10-20 nests dig into riverbanks or gullies. Colonies comprising a number of groups, known as clans. Within each clan is a number families, each containing a breeding pair and 1-5 “helpers”, which are usually the previous season’s brood.